Aid Buzz (October 25): Take two on ACIAR | Australia’s development rating declining | Senate estimates | AusAID’s latest annual report | More
By Jonathan Pryke and Stephen Howes
Foreign Minister Carr has announced an external review into its effectiveness of Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research or ACIAR. The review panel is chaired by panel member for the Independent Review of Aid Effectiveness, Bill Farmer, and is to report by the end of the year. Its objective is: “To examine the appropriateness, effectiveness and efficiency of the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research and make recommendations for improvements.”
Towards the end of last year, ACIAR convened another 4-person independent panel, chaired by Chief Scientist Ian Chubb, to report to the Foreign Minister with a strategic framework “for the planned future expansion of international agricultural research.” Their report is here. Released in February 2012, it outlined a “five point approach to further improving the effectiveness and efficiency of agricultural research delivered under the auspices of Australia’s aid program.”
It’s odd to see two such exercises in so short a time frame, and especially to commission the strategy before the review. There’s no reference to the earlier panel in the documentation for the latter.
Submissions to the ACIAR review are due by end of November.
Australia’s development rating declining
The Centre for Global Development has released its 2012 Commitment to Development Index (CDI). This shows Australia tumbling from equal 9th last year to 15th this. The changes are methodological: using this year’s methodology, Australia was also 15th last year. But there is also a longer-term and non-methodological decline. Using a consistent (this year’s) methodology, Australia’s ranking has fallen from 9th in 2003 to 12th-14th between 2004 and 2010 and to 15th for the last two years (see the spreadsheet link from this FAQ website). The CDI index rates rich countries on their policies relating to aid, trade, environment, security, migration, investment and technology. In Australia’s case, the only component to show a sharp deterioration is security. CGD’s country analysis of Australia is available here [pdf], but only covers the current year. More analysis of the reasons for the decline is required.
The Senate’s supplementary budget estimates, a standard component of Australia’s yearly budget process, took place last week. A transcript of the estimates is available here (see p. 86 onwards). Some of the highlights include:
- Whether aid funding was diverted to support the UNSC bid (p. 88). The case of continued funding to Latin America and the Caribbean was brought up at various points in the proceedings.
- Reducing staff turnover (p. 94)
- The Liaison Office dispute (p. 96 and p. 117)
- TB in PNG (p. 101)
- Asylum seekers and the aid budget (p. 105)
- The Cambodia railway project and alleged human rights violations (p. 108, mentioned below)
2011-12 AusAID annual report
The 2011-2012 Annual Report for AusAID was tabled in Parliament this month. As usual, AusAID reports its project quality rating. In 2011-12 87% of projects had a rating of satisfactory or better, down marginally from 88% last year. The promise in last year’s Annual Report that all country and regional strategies will be placed on the web in the course of 2011-12 was not kept, and the new deadline is the end of 2012. More generally, the report stresses the implementation of AusAID’s new policy framework (the Comprehensive Aid Policy Framework or CAPF) that provides a budget strategy for the aid program to 2015-16.
The report tells us AusAID also now employs 2,124 staff, 823 overseas and 1,301 in Australia. DFAT, by comparison, employed [pdf, p. 199] 2,480 staff in 2011 and Defence employed [pdf, p. 269] 74,552 permanent employees in 2011 (comprising 58,139 permanent ADF members and 21,830 ongoing APS staff).
AusAID also announced in the report that it provided $4.328 billion in ODA in 2011-12. Total ODA delivered through all agencies is estimated at $4.864 billion in line with the 0.35% GNI target.
The Annual Report is separate from the Annual Review of Aid Effectiveness, which, according to the CAPF (p.29), will be made public shortly after the end of this month.
Cambodia railway project update
On October 3, AusAID announced it was “changing its approach” to the controversial Cambodia Railways project, where it has come under fire for the poor way in which resettlement has been handled. The press release said AusAID was putting more funds (about $2 million) towards construction bottlenecks and to assisting in resettlement. The press release noted that the action was in response to the poor performance rating of this project. In all, AusAID is contributing about $27 million to a $143 million project (ADB is the major external financier with $42 million). Director General of AusAID Peter Baxter defends AusAID’s Cambodia program in a blog here.
Meanwhile, a range of NGOs, 30 Cambodian families and the Human Rights Law Centre (Australia’s first specialist human rights legal service) have filed a complaint with the Australian Human Rights Commission over what they say are breaches of basic human rights. The project is also being investigated by ADB’s independent watchdog, the ADB Accountability Mechanism.
Strategic review of health and medical research – implications for global health research
A draft strategic review of health and medical research has recommended funding of global health research funded through a partnership between the Australian Health and Medical Research Council and AusAID. Comments on the draft can be made here up to October 31.
The Challenges for Participatory Development in Contemporary Development Practice
This is the third conference as part of the Australian Council for International Development (ACFID) Universities Linkages, which brings scholars and aid practitioners together to discuss important development issues. Taking place over two days, the conference will explore issues around participatory development.
You can register for the event here.
Our monthly account of visitors to Australia with an aid connection:
- Owen Barder, Director for Europe, Centre for Global Development visited Canberra this month, speaking at Devpolicy, ACFID Council 2012, AusAID and in Melbourne. You can watch his presentation to Devpolicy here.
- Yolanda Kakabadse, President of World Wildlife Fund, also visited Canberra for ACFID Council 2012. Videos/transcripts from both of these ACFID sessions, and the rest of the proceedings, will be available from the ACFID website in the coming weeks.
- A team from the OECD Development Assistance Committee is visiting Canberra to conduct a review of the Australian aid program. These reviews usually take place every four years, with the last review taking place in 2008.
AusAID’s Office of Development Effectiveness has released [pdf] its 2012-15 Evaluation Policy. It has also released a new rolling work plan (a more detailed version available here [pdf]) for the evaluations it will address in the coming years. ODE has also released a Discussion Paper providing guidelines around the use of impact evaluation.
The Crawford Fund’s annual parliamentary conference was held this month, focusing on the dynamic interactions between a range of competing uses for land and natural resources. Full proceedings of the conference should be available from the website in early 2013.
A new study of 1,000 Australians conducted by Médecins Sans Frontières Australia reveals 70% of Australians are interested in humanitarian news and international affairs, and 32% seek out news and stories that have an international aid focus. MSF has responded to this demand by launching MSF.TV, a live online humanitarian news channel enabling viewers to ‘Go Where Others Don’t.
Julie Bishop gave an important speech on the aid program to the 2012 ACFID council. Her main call: “for the aid program to be subject to genuine performance-based benchmarks that measure what is actually achieved.” She also called for a greater focus on economic growth and better branding of Australian aid, and expressed strong support for NGOs.
AusAID has released a new publication entitled ‘Unlocking Potential’ showcasing what it has achieved in conjunction with the World Bank.
While in Indonesia recently Prime Minister Gillard announced a new $50 million health program to help reduce its high maternal and neonatal mortality rates.
ACFID has released a new Research Paper analyzing the concept of ‘Value for Money,’ available here [pdf].
The Malaria 2012 Conference will be taking place over three days in Sydney next week.
Foreign Minister Carr has appointed AusAID First Assistant Director James Gilling Australia’s new ambassador for HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis.
Jonathan Pryke is a Researcher at the Development Policy Centre. Stephen Howes is Director of the Centre.
About the author/s
Jonathan Pryke worked at the Development Policy Centre from 2011, and left in mid-2015 to join the Lowy Institute, where he is now Director of the Pacific Islands Program. He has a Master of Public Policy/Master of Diplomacy from Crawford School of Public Policy and the College of Diplomacy, ANU.
Stephen Howes is the Director of the Development Policy Centre and a Professor of Economics at the Crawford School.