Fortnightly links: crises, charts, sinking islands and worms (yes, again)
By Camilla Burkot and Terence Wood
24 September 2015
In this podcast [25mins] from ABC’s The Philosopher’s Zone, Princeton philosopher Harry Frankfurt argues, controversially, that inequality is not (or should not be regarded as) a moral question. Rather, “what’s important is not that people are unequal, but that some are poor and can’t lead decent lives.”
The release of the report from the High Level Panel on Humanitarian Cash Transfers has shaken up the humanitarian and disaster relief world over the last two weeks. As Panel Chair Owen Barder writes, unconditional cash transfers — while not always the best option — often offer significant benefits over in-kind aid in terms of response time, costs, transparency, and accountability. As such, he suggests that in future the default question should not be, “Why cash?” but rather, “Why not cash?”
There are still plenty of money woes in the sector, though. Although some $4.1 billion was pledged to assist Nepal in recovering from this year’s devastating earthquakes, the government has yet to begin spending any of these funds. The National Reconstruction Authority’s tentative October start date will be little consolation for those many thousands still living in tents as winter approaches.
The management of development assistance is also the subject of new research published in the Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies journal (open-access). Based on a set of comparative case studies, authors Maya Schmaljohann and Annalisa Prizzon report that the governments of PNG, Fiji, Timor-Leste, and Vanuatu prioritise capacity-building for government officials, ownership, and enhanced coordination between an increasing number of development partners operating in the Pacific.
For fans of elegant charts relaying the state of development, Our World in Data is great. Some of their charts pertain to declines of violence across time. One aspect of the decline is particularly controversial: the so-called Long Peace Hypothesis that argues humans have, since World War II, entered into a phase of much less war. Needless to say this is contested. In two posts David Roodman offers an excellent primer, and comes away mostly convinced the hypothesis is tenable.
Once you’ve recovered from the shock of the first paragraph, which reveals just how little a certain aspiring Republican US presidential candidate knows about the Middle East, this is a helpful guide to how Hezbollah, Hamas and a range of other groups fit into the region’s geopolitics.
Ever heard of Taro Island? This Solomon Islands community of around 600 residents, and the capital of Choiseul Province, may soon acquire the dubious distinction of being the first provincial capital in the world to be abandoned due to climate change.
It’s an older article, but this New Yorker piece offers a harrowing take on life in a Jordanian refugee camp. (In case you feel prompted into action, a list of ACFID members working on the Syria crisis is here.)
The New Yorker also has a sad but beautiful piece on the travails of the women entrepreneurs of Haiti; women who comprise much of the country’s informal economy.
Lastly (and perhaps just when you thought we were finished with helminths) Kenyan researcher Charles Mwandawiro seeks to put the War on Worms to bed once and for all.
About the author/s
Camilla Burkot was a Research Officer at the Development Policy Centre, and Editor of the Devpolicy Blog, from 2015 to 2017. She has a background in social anthropology and holds a Master of Public Health from Columbia University, and has field experience in Eastern and Southern Africa, and PNG. She now works for the Burnet Institute.
Terence Wood is a research fellow at the Development Policy Centre. His research focuses on political governance in Western Melanesia, and Australian and New Zealand aid.