Australian government aid is provided to help with a range of different issues (usually referred to as ‘sectors’ in the language of aid).
Over time different Australian governments have focused more or less on different sectors, reflecting their own priorities or global events. The chart below shows how Australian government aid has been allocated by sector for each year since 2006. It also includes information on the share of aid expenditure spent on overheads. This uses the information on sector spending that Australia reports to the OECD DAC.
Over the past decade the main areas that Australian aid has been directed towards include: education, health, humanitarian assistance, economic development and developing governance and civil society in recipient countries.
Humanitarian aid is the aid that the Australian government gives to developing countries in response to disasters. (Read more about the difference between development aid and humanitarian aid on the Aid 101 page). The amount of humanitarian aid the Australian government gives varies from year to year, responding to need, but at the same time the year-on-year change is less than you might expect. This is because in most years there are no shortage of disasters or ongoing crises, and the government aid program has a pre-planned humanitarian aid budget every year (it may vary from the budget if needed).
According to the 2017 Global Humanitarian Assistance Report, Australia was the 18th largest contributor to the global humanitarian effort among donors in 2016, the same as its rank in 2015, but a drop from 14th position in 2014 and 2013. When measuring humanitarian assistance as a percentage of gross national income, Australia no longer makes it into the top 20 donors. The charts below draw on the data in this report to show how Australia’s efforts on humanitarian aid compare with other donors, as well as from the OECD DAC and the Financial Tracking Service for humanitarian aid flows.
Australian government aid is given in different ways. The chart below shows the channels through which government aid was delivered in the 2013-14 financial year (the most recent year for which this information is available).
Multilateral organisations include UN organisations like the UNDP and World Bank, and organisations such as the Asian Development Bank (learn more on the Aid 101 page). Commercial suppliers are often consulting companies that provide aid services on behalf of the government. Much of the aid under the heading ‘universities’ comes in the form of scholarships given to students from developing countries. Aid given via Australian public sector organisations includes funds for discreet programs run by organisations such as the Australian Federal Police.