The riots in Honiara yesterday, disturbing the city’s normally quiet atmosphere, were unexpected but not surprising. Someone made reference to a possible protest that would coincide with the convening of parliament, but details were sketchy and social media was tightlipped about a protest for a change. Arguably, the riots are a culmination of a number of flashpoints that have been ignored these past few months.
At a “Tok Stori” Conference jointly held by the Solomon Islands National University and University of Melbourne on Wednesday 17 November, on the environment, conflict and peace, I spoke about unmasking the faces of those who control the Solomon Islands economy. I argued that even though 80% of land in Solomon Islands is owned by Solomon Islanders, they are largely bystanders, while outsiders, mainly Malaysian, Filipino, and Chinese loggers and mining companies control the resources and the political processes involving our politicians. People might elect our members of parliament, but it is the logging companies, mining companies and other largely Asian-owned companies that underwrite the formation of government, influence the election of the Prime Minister, and keep ministers and government supporters under control after the elections. In return, if they want anything, or need special favours, they go directly to ministers and even the Prime Minister.
Indigenous Solomon Island business owners do not have the same access to our leaders. The political governance arrangements in Solomon Islands are shaped by the cozy co-existence between foreign loggers, miners and businesses. The influence of non-state actors in shaping political undercurrents in Solomon Islands cannot be ignored.
Yesterday’s protest is said to have been instigated by supporters from Malaita, but the frustration with the national government, the attitude of the Prime Minister and ministers to provincial governments and provincial politicians, and the sense of alienation and disenfranchisement, is arguably shared across a wide spectrum of the country. People feel resentful when they see the national government giving a Malaysian company preferential tax status by virtue of an Act of Parliament, or $13 million as a deposit towards the construction of what are purportedly poor-quality prefabricated houses, while Solomon Islanders have to sleep on the floor in the emergency department of their hospital. Such things are inevitably bound to fuel resentment. When people see the government bypass local, indigenous contractors for the Pacific Games, it makes them antagonistic, and feel neglected. This sense of alienation, disempowerment and neglect has been building for some time.
Yesterday’s protest is intertwined with the complexity of the China-Taiwan, and national-provincial government political dynamics that have been well publicised. Malaitans in Malaita generally have been sympathetic to their Premier. The shoddy way the national government has been treating their highly respected Premier Daniel Suidani, starting with arrangements for his overseas travel, and then blocking every single attempt he made at appointing ministers while he was away, has not been lost on Malaitans. The unprecedented welcome he received at Auki when he returned from medical leave was testament to the high regard in which he is held. Not even the Prime Minister would have come anywhere near size of the crowd that welcomed him that day. Notably absent were the Malaitan members of the national parliament.
The thousands of supporters who showed up in truckloads from all wards in Malaita to stop the vote of no-confidence against Daniel Suidani should have sent a signal to national parliamentarians and the Prime Minister that it was time to set aside their differences. Perhaps they underestimated the people’s resolve, thinking that the bribes that were allegedly paid to the Malaita provincial members would have been sufficient to topple Daniel Suidani. Where the money originated from remains a mystery. However, Daniel Suidani’s vocal opposition to the switch to China, and his courting of Taiwan, might give a clue.
Throughout the past months, there has been little dialogue between the national government and the Malaita provincial government. A great opportunity to avoid today’s protests would have been for government ministers from Malaita to attend a reconciliation ceremony that was held in Aimela, a village outside Auki, last week. They were not seen. Diplomacy and dialogue are not confined to international relations. They are very important attributes for politicians to have when they deal with each other.
Solomon Islands has been drifting to self-destruction. It is one of the most aid dependent countries in the world. Significant donor support is given to its health and education sector. Yet, its ministers and senior government officials treat its people poorly, and allow them to be exploited by loggers and miners.
Yesterday’s protest and riots are evidence of serious underlying currents that have been neglected. There has to be reform to the political system, including making the government more inclusive. Those that rioted today probably don’t get anything from government. This has to change, otherwise Solomon Islands could be on the pathway to implosion.
I have been following the story line here in Port Moresby. Your brief commentaries in the intricoes of politics, politicians and foreign influence in politics in PNG rings familiar tone and views held by so many displaced and marginalized populations in both urban settlements and in rural villages. Our time bomb will one day sooner to explode. Joseph Sukwianomb, tiikiiembshiiemb.blogger.com
The above article is very deep and interesting which Solomon islands had to strangle with differences at the Sametime pushing forward in developments. These two cannot go well together for which I had believed one had to win and another have to lose. For start the government of Solomon islands made it through the switch from 🇹🇼 to 🇨🇳 and for two years now there are development of infrastructures established. However, the balance have to occur which the differences take its toll. Differences here is that Malaitans never agree with the switch and the worst of it is the recent raiot. The main crate of this differences here is the injection of 13 million towards the mamara housing instead of the other important and pressing problems at stake. MOREOVER, the bad
characters displayed by the prime minister towards Malaitans are more than few. Therefore, it’s time for balance to occur. Jesus’s words have to come true because, we are Christian nation under our sovereign foundation.
I read this article and realise that there are lots of parallels with PNG. The issue of logging, Parliamentary Acts and dynamics with the central and provincial govt, past and present, left much to be desired.
As Melanesians, there are peaceful ways to resolve disputes now that it has escalated. PNg can take learn a lot from the Solomon Islands.
The striking similarities of the underlying factors described in the article to other PICs is scary. You just hope it’s doesn’t become the Jasmine Revolution of the Pacific.
Very interesting article and this is exactly the root of all this mishap in the Solomon Islands.
Similar with GoK (Kiribati) but we are so damped respectful to our elders and leaders, and culturally grown up in the so-called”minding our own business character”that corruption is so rife.
Great article. Translated in Japanese.
It makes me think about the boundary between self-determination and self-implosion.
Exactly, the riot was a time bomb just waiting to explode. Now that it did where do we go from here how do we pick up the pieces?
I think the high regard accorded to him by his people is non earned, rather imbued by misleading knowledge and information crafted for the particular cause.
An insightful article which indicates that history repeats itself in the Solomons. We are witnessing the Solomon Islands self-destruct in another riot, but the article suggests that the nation has been in self-destruct mode well before the riots, due to corrupt politicians, who are as responsible as the rioters, if not more. From the article, one gets the impression that the Solomons is in the throes of state capture by a political-business cartel that has corrupted democratic institutions and compromised their proper functioning. This is the direct cause of poverty and violence perpetrated against ordinary citizens, who have risen up in the only way they can. A case of corruption breeds anarchy?
Total agree with you. Solomon Islands Politicians never learnt from history. The best solution is anarchy..and.this was exactly happened.