The growing problem of absconding SWP workers

SWP workers in Victoria
SWP workers in Victoria ( J. Naupa)

As reported in the past couple of months, Australia is experiencing a shortage of seasonal workers. Estimates of a 26,000 workforce shortfall have been made. The shortage is leading to a situation where some farmers and/or labour hire contractors, who are not Approved Employers in Australia’s Seasonal Worker Programme (SWP), are luring SWP workers to leave their current employer and work for them.

There is no doubt that since COVID-19 the number of absconders from the SWP has increased. Most SWP workers I’ve spoken to had no intention of absconding when they applied for the program. The majority have stated they left because of reduced hours of work from employers.

Some SWP workers in the Mildura region, for example, have complained about receiving as little as 10 hours work a week. This is only enough to cover their basics, such as accommodation, health insurance and food.

Being offered increased hours in a much warmer climate such as Queensland is appealing. Yet there is so much missing. Workers being lured to other employers are not informed in these advertisements about COVID-19 border restrictions and quarantine, nor do they mention that leaving an employer is a breach of an SWP worker’s employment contract and visa conditions, and will make it highly unlikely that they will be able to participate in the SWP in the future.

Workers lured by rogue labour hire operators are not covered by the same protections that they are entitled to through an SWP Approved Employer. Employers operating outside the SWP do not have the same level of responsibilities and are not under the same scrutiny. This is concerning, especially given the reputation of rogue labour hire companies in providing less than satisfactory employment conditions and often lower wages.

Since COVID-19, SWP team leaders and Approved Employers have observed a noticeable increase in misinformation given to workers about their employment and visa conditions, such as who they can work for, taxation information etc. This advice is often provided by well-meaning community members who usually do not understand the terms and conditions of the SWP and visa restrictions.

This issue is of significant concern for SWP Approved Employers and labour sending units in Pacific countries. Those workers who have let their visas lapse will follow any work opportunities they hear of, especially if they can be employed under the radar and undocumented. But they are in a vulnerable position.

It is also not fair to those Approved Employers who are doing the right thing. They have financed workers to come to Australia, spent time training them, and many have supported workers beyond their contractual obligations throughout the pandemic. Moreover, as Australia is about to head into its peak season, this leaves them short of employees.

With only a small number of workers coming in from overseas and few Australians taking up these positions despite government incentives, we will likely see more SWP workers absconding to what they think are more attractive employment opportunities. The silver lining is the approach of the peak season, which will increase hours available with current Approved Employers and reduce the incentive to abscond.

Notwithstanding this, more needs to be done by all stakeholders including government, employers, and workers. In particular, awareness efforts need to be stepped up so that SWP workers and the broader diaspora understand what is at stake, so that workers are less likely to be taken advantage of. Unscrupulous operators are targeting the SWP workforce. More vigorous efforts to thwart their actions are essential.

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Rochelle Bailey

Rochelle Bailey is a Research Fellow at the Department of Pacific Affairs, ANU.


  • I am Nicolau Piedade currently I am in East Timor I am one of the seasonal workers. Concerning your article, I would like to get the idea from you. I know the majority of SWP workers from East Timor has left their jobs to find another work due to some reasons and the COVID situation. To this do you think approved employer could continue to recruit Timorese workers to work in Australia in regards to absconding? Is there any impact for the future if the worker applies for a protection visa or bridging visa?
    If the workers don’t fill the requirement will the Australian home affairs deport them?

    Best Regards

    Nicolau Piedade

    SWP in Port Augusta, Adelaide, S.A

  • Excellent article Rochelle.

    Needs to be talked about. The role of LSU’s and local diaspora’s in understanding and discouraging this course of action could be strengthened as you suggest.
    If it is an issue that an SWP or PLS worker has with their AE, I’m not aware of any other worker in Australia that can pick up a phone and with one call, reach the head of the program or senior officers in Canberra or the FWO. So access to official assistance is not the issue.
    It also doesn’t help that Border Force does not have the resources to play a stronger role in repatriating or apprehending people even when they are made aware of their whereabouts. Perhaps not viewed as a security threat, which is understandable, in this time of uncertainty, but it doesn’t help any of us to deal with this or those who encourage absconders.

  • Thank you for this interesting piece.

    You mentioned ‘workers who have let their visas lapse’. Could you please explain this a bit more? Have their visas lapsed because they cannot return home due to pandemic travel restrictions?

    I also have a question about how workers can check whether a potential employer is an ‘Approved Employer’. Is there a way that workers can check that? A website where they are listed or a call centre that they can ring for advice?

    Thanks again,


    • Hi Amanda,

      Thank you for your comments.

      Firstly, the majority of SWP workers have had their visas renewed with the assistance of their Approved Employers (AE). Most that have had lapsed visas are those who have left their SWP AE.

      Yes workers can check on DESE’s website where there is a list of current SWP AEs. There is also a hotline for SWP workers to call with any problems or questions. However, I am unsure how well used this is by workers.

  • What is staggering is that many absconders are lured into running to dodgy contractors and NO ONE seems to know that they cannot do so on a 408 or 403 visa. Furthermore, they think a Bridging Visa is their final visa but this is not active while they hold their 408 or 403.

    In some cases rogue contractors and their middlemen are enticing these workers across with promises of more pay. Those contractors are breaking the law as well as the worker breaching the work limitation of their visas

    Then they don’t often pay tax or super.

    The alarming thing is that some people who do abscond are actively encouraged to apply for asylum and get assistance to do so. Isn’t that IMMIGRATION FRAUD?

    • Yes Dan, I agree with you the confusion over the visas has further complicated the issue. These contractors/employers are actively targeting SWP workers through various means and falsely coming across as approved employers in the scheme. They are approaching workers in their local host communities, and I have seen several posts by these rogue contractors advertising jobs on seasonal worker social media sites. It is vital we get the messaging out there to employers and workers to create awareness of this.

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